Community-based comprehensive lifestyle programs in patients with coronary artery disease: Objectives, design and expected results of Randomized Evaluation of Secondary Prevention by Outpatient Nurse SpEcialists 2 trial (RESPONSE 2)

Sangeeta Lachman, Madelon Minneboo, Marjolein Snaterse, Harald T. Jorstad, Gerben ter Riet, Wilma J. Scholte Op Reimer, S. Matthijs Boekholdt, Ron J.G. Peters, RESPONSE 2 study group

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Abstract

Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are at high risk of recurrent events. A healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce this risk. A previous trial, Randomized Evaluation of Secondary Prevention by Outpatient Nurse SpEcialists (RESPONSE), demonstrated that nurse-coordinated outpatient clinics improve drug treatment of cardiovascular risk factors. However, lifestyle-related risk factors, including smoking, overweight, and physical inactivity, were common and remained largely unchanged at follow-up in most patients (66%). The aim of the current study is to evaluate the impact of 3 community-based lifestyle programs in patients after hospitalization for CAD. We are conducting a multicenter (n = 15), randomized trial that will recruit 800 patients to test the efficacy of up to 3 widely available commercial lifestyle programs, aimed at patients and their partners, on top of usual care. These programs are aimed at smoking cessation (Luchtsignaal(®)), weight loss (Weight Watchers(®)), and improving physical activity (Philips DirectLife(®)).

OUTCOMES  The primary outcome at 12months is the proportion of patients in whom at least 1 lifestyle risk factor is improved without deterioration in any of the other 2, and a relative increase of at least 30% in this proportion is considered clinically relevant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume170
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

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