Comparing Center-based with Home-based Child Care: Type of Care Moderates the Association between Process Quality and Child Functioning

R.M.V. Sluiter, R.G. Fukkink, M. Fekkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study compares process quality and child functioning in Dutch center-based care and home-based care and explores the role of the dyadic caregiver-child relationship. Participants in this study included 228 children from 74 locations (154 attending center-based child care, 74 home-based child care; mean age 2.5 years). The level of emotional and behavioral support and caregiver-child closeness was higher in home-based care than center-based care, whereas quality of the physical environment was higher in center-based child care. Children's well-being was higher and levels of problem behavior were lower in home-based care compared to center-based care. The caregiver-child relationship was related to a higher level of well-being and less problem behavior. Process quality was more strongly related to children's functioning in home-based child care compared to center-based child care. The dyadic relationship quality is an important element of the care ecology of preschool children and predicts child functioning in both home-based and center-based care.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
Volume62
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

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