Conceptual design and optimization of a sustainable and environmentally friendly archetypal helicopter within the selection criteria and limitations

Enes Gunaltili, Selcuk Ekici, Abdullah Kalkan, Faruk Esat Gocmen, Utku Kale, Zeki Yilmazoglu, T. Hikmet Karakoc

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Abstract

The design and mission requirements of aero vehicles, which vary on a day-to-day basis, have become major study concerns in the burgeoning aviation sector. In addition to the design and mission criteria that must be met in an aero vehicle design, the designers' primary goals are to construct original, innovative, environmentally friendly, fuel-efficient, and sustainable designs. In this study, a detailed conceptual design of a helicopter that does not need a notable runway for operation and is limited by mission and design requirements is offered. Within the scope of this research, a competitor analysis study was undertaken in accordance with the defined criteria, and design approaches were chosen based on the outcomes of competitor analysis. In addition, this research, which looks for an environmentally friendly and sustainable design, was developed with the aviation industry's demands in mind by analyzing the International Helicopter Safety Team's (IHST) data. As a result of the reports analyzed and considering the causes and consequences of accidents that have happened, the objective of the design research was to achieve a sustainable, ecologically friendly, and fuel-efficient design by reducing the number of accidents and damage. The planning and design processes as a result of this examination are essential as a step towards the helicopter being an original design and in the context of solution methodologies. This archetypal design aims to shed light on helicopter design studies and serve as a roadmap for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere17369
Number of pages28
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

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