Decreased Appetite is Associated with Sarcopenia-Related Outcomes in Acute Hospitalized Older Adults

Carliene van Dronkelaar, Michael Tieland, Jesse J. Aarden, Lucienne A. Reichardt, Rosanne van Seben, Marike van der Schaaf, Martin van der Esch, Raoul H. H. Engelbert, Jos W. R. Twisk, Jos A. Bosch, Bianca M. Buurman

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Decreased appetite is one of the main risk factors of malnutrition. Little is known on how appetite changes during hospitalization and after discharge and how it relates with sarcopenia-related outcomes. We analyzed data of the Hospital-ADL study, a multicenter prospective cohort study that followed 400 acutely hospitalized older adults (≥70 year). Appetite (SNAQ), handgrip strength (Jamar), muscle mass (BIA), mobility (DEMMI), and physical performance (SPPB) were assessed within 48 h of admission, at discharge, and at one and three months post-discharge. The course of decreased appetite was analysed by Generalised Estimating Equations. Linear Mixed Model was used to analyse the associations between decreased appetite and the sarcopenia-related outcomes. Decreased appetite was reported by 51% at hospital admission, 34% at discharge, 28% one month post-discharge, and 17% three months post-discharge. Overall, decreased appetite was associated with lower muscle strength (β = -1.089, p = 0.001), lower mobility skills (β = -3.893, p < 0.001), and lower physical performance (β = -0.706, p < 0.001) but not with muscle mass (β = -0.023, p = 0.920). In conclusion, decreased appetite was highly prevalent among acute hospitalized older adults and remained prevalent, although less, after discharge. Decreased appetite was significantly associated with negative sarcopenia-related outcomes, which underlines the need for assessment and monitoring of decreased appetite during and post hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number932
Number of pages12
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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