Digitally supported dietary counselling increases protein intake in community-dwelling older adults: subgroup analysis of the vitamin RCT

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Background/purpose: For prevention of sarcopenia and functional
decline in community-dwelling older adults, a higher daily protein
intake is needed. A new e-health strategy for dietary counselling was
used with the aim to increase total daily protein intake to optimal
levels (minimal 1.2 g/kg/day, optimal 1.5 g/kg/day) through use of
regular food products.
Methods: The VITAMIN (VITal Amsterdam older adults IN the city)
RCT included 245 community-dwelling older adults (age ≥ 55y):
control, exercise, and exercise plus dietary counselling (protein)
group. The dietary counselling intervention was based on behaviour
change and personalization. Dietary intake was measured by a 3d
dietary record at baseline, after 6-month intervention and 12-month
follow-up. The primary outcome was average daily protein intake
(g/kg/day). Sub-group analysis and secondary outcomes included
daily protein distribution, sources, product groups. A Linear Mixed
Models (LMM) of repeated measures was performed with STATA
v13.
Results: Mean age of the 224 subjects was 72.0(6.5) years, a BMI of
26.0(4.2). The LMM showed a significant effect of time and time*group
(p<0.001). The dietary counselling group showed higher protein intake
than either control (1.41 vs 1.13 g/kg/day; β +0.32; p<0.001) or exercise
group (1.41 vs 1.11 g/kg/day; β +0.33; p<0.001) after 6-month intervention
and 12-month follow-up.
Conclusions and implications: This study shows digitally supported
dietary counselling improves protein intake sufficiently in communitydwelling
older adults with use of regular food products. Protein intake
increase by personalised counselling with e-health is a promising strategy
for dieticians.
Original languageEnglish
PagesS209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event16th International
Congress of Behavioural Medicine (ICBM)
- Online, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 7 Jun 202111 Jun 2021
https://www.delegate-reg.co.uk/icbm2021/

Conference

Conference16th International
Congress of Behavioural Medicine (ICBM)
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period7/06/2111/06/21
Internet address

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