Energy, exergy, economic, environmental, and sustainability assessments of the CFM56-3 series turbofan engine used in the aviation sector

Peter Korba, Ozgur Balli, Hakan Caliskan, Samer Al-Rabeei, Utku Kale

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Abstract

In this study, aviation, energy, exergy, environmental, exergoeconomic, and exergoenvironmental analyses are performed on a CFM56-3 series high by-pass turbofan engine fueled with Jet-A1 fuel. Specific fuel consumption and specific thrust of the engine are found to be 0.01098 kg/kN.s and 0.3178 kN/kg/s, respectively. Engine's energy efficiency is calculated as 35.37%, while waste energy ratio is obtained as 64.63%. Exergy efficiency, waste exergy rate, and fuel exergy waste ratio are forecasted as 33.32%, 33175.03 kW, and 66.68%, respectively. Environmental effect factor and ecological effect factor are computed as 2.001 and 3.001, while ecological objective function and its index are taken into account of −16597.22 kW and −1.001, respectively. Exergetic sustainability index and sustainable efficiency factor are determined as 0.5 and 1.5 for the CFM56-3 engine, respectively. Environmental damage cost rate is determined as 519.753 $/h, while the environmental damage cost index is accounted as 0.0314 $/kWh. Specific exergy cost of the engine production is found as 40.898 $/GJ from exergoeconomic analysis, while specific product exergy cost is expressed as 49.607 $/GJ from exergoenvironmental analysis. From exergoenvironmental economic analysis, specific exergy cost of fuel is computed as 10.103 $/GJ when specific exergy cost of production is determined as 40.898 $/GJ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126765
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalEnergy
Volume269
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2023

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