Oxygen Consumption with High-Flow Nasal Oxygen versus Mechanical Ventilation—An International Multicenter Observational Study in COVID–19 Patients (PROXY–COVID)

Michela Botta, Oriol Caritg, David M.P. van Meenen, Andrés Pacheco, Anissa M. Tsonas, Willemijn E. Mooij, Alessia Burgener, Tosca Manrique Hehl, Gentle S. Shrestha, Janneke Horn, Pieter R. Tuinman, Frederique Paulus, Oriol Roca, Marcus J. Schultz

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Abstract

The COVID–19 pandemic led to local oxygen shortages worldwide. To gain a better understanding of oxygen consumption with different respiratory supportive therapies, we conducted an international multicenter observational study to determine the precise amount of oxygen consumption with high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) and with mechanical ventilation. A retrospective observational study was conducted in three intensive care units (ICUs) in the Netherlands and Spain. Patients were classified as HFNO patients or ventilated patients, according to the mode of oxygen supplementation with which a patient started. The primary endpoint was actual oxygen consumption; secondary endpoints were hourly and total oxygen consumption during the first two full calendar days. Of 275 patients, 147 started with HFNO and 128 with mechanical ventilation. Actual oxygen use was 4.9-fold higher in patients who started with HFNO than in patients who started with ventilation (median 14.2 [8.4–18.4] versus 2.9 [1.8–4.1] L/minute; mean difference 5 11.3 [95% CI 11.0–11.6] L/minute; P, 0.01). Hourly and total oxygen consumption were 4.8-fold (P, 0.01) and 4.8-fold (P, 0.01) higher. Actual oxygen consumption, hourly oxygen consumption, and total oxygen consumption are substantially higher in patients that start with HFNO compared with patients that start with mechanical ventilation. This information may help hospitals and ICUs predicting oxygen needs during high-demand periods and could guide decisions regarding the source of distribution of medical oxygen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1035-1041
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

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