BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a national lockdown in the Netherlands, which also affected transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients. The objective of the study was to describe physical activity, dietary intake and quality of life (QoL) in patients on the waiting list for TAVI pre-lockdown and during lockdown.
METHODS: Consecutive patients awaiting TAVI at the Amsterdam University Medical Centers, the Netherlands were included. Measurements were self-reported effect of lockdown, physical activity, dietary intake and QoL.
RESULTS: In total, 58 patients (median age 80, interquartile range (IQR) 76-84, 45% female) were observed pre-lockdown and 16 patients (median age 78, IQR 76-82, 25% female) during lockdown. Ten of the 16 patients during lockdown reported a decline in physical activity. However, we observed a median number of 5861 steps a day (IQR 4579-7074) pre-lockdown and 8404 steps a day (IQR 7653-10,829) during lockdown. Median daily protein intake was 69 g (IQR 59-82) pre-lockdown and 90 g (IQR 68-107) during lockdown. Self-rated health on a visual analogue scale was 63 points (IQR 51-74) pre-lockdown and 73 points (IQR 65-86) during lockdown.
CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the patients during lockdown reported less physical activity, while we observed a higher number of steps a day, a similar dietary intake and a higher QoL. Therefore, patients on the TAVI waiting list appeared to be able to cope with the lockdown measures.