Reckless Endeavours, Ethics, and Memes — Reflections on the Fraught Side of Raving

Eleni Maragkou

Research output: Web publication or non-textual formWeb publication or websiteSocietal


At its core, raving has existed in opposition to normativity, and so has electronic music. If newcomers enticed by hard trance remixes of 2000’s Top 40 hits embrace this opposition, it is often done in ways removed from history. As Loren Granic AKA Goddollars, co-founder and resident of A Club Called Rhonda in Los Angeles, stated: “Many of the newcomers are straight/white kids who are very far removed from the LGBT community, despite fist-pumping by the millions to a music that was born from gay people of colour sweating their asses off at 5 AM in a Chicago warehouse.” If the role marginalized people have played in the creation and pioneering of their favourite music is ignored, how would people react when told that their fun might also harm marginalized groups? The ethics of lockdown raves have always been fraught, as their repercussions reverberate beyond the people who choose to attend them; meanwhile, data shows that people of colour were more likely to be targeted for attending raves during the lockdown.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherHogeschool van Amsterdam, Lectoraat Netwerkcultuur
Media of outputOnline
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2023


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