Safety Culture Development: The Gap Between Industry Guidelines and Literature, and the Differences Amongst Industry Sectors.

Nektarios Karanikas, Pedram Soltani, Robert J. de Boer, Alfred L.C. Roelen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
125 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Reason’s typology of safety culture (i.e. Just, Informative, Learning, Flexible and Reporting cultures) is widely used in the industry and academia. Through literature review we developed a framework including 36 markers that reflect the operationalization of Reason’s sub-cultures and general organizational prerequisites. We used the framework to assess to what extent safety culture development guidelines of seven industry sectors (i.e. aviation, railway, oil and gas, nuclear, healthcare, defense and maritime) incorporate academic references, and are similar to each other. Gap analysis and statistics showed that the guidelines include 53–69 % of the safety culture markers, with significant differences across subcultures and industry sectors. The results suggested that there is a gap between the industry guidelines and literature, as well as variant approaches to safety culture across the industry. The framework suggested in the study might be used as reference for completing existing safety culture development plans and constructing safety culture assessment instruments.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in safety management and human factors
EditorsPedro Arezes
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages53-63
ISBN (Electronic)9783319419299
ISBN (Print)9783319419282
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventAHFE 2016 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors - Walt Disney World®, Florida, United States
Duration: 27 Jul 201631 Jul 2016

Conference

ConferenceAHFE 2016 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors
CountryUnited States
CityWalt Disney World®, Florida
Period27/07/1631/07/16

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