Social Media, Distracting or Engaging? Comparing two models to explain student success and the role of Facebook.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic


As part of my PhD research, I investigate the factors of student success and the influence of the use of social media by first year students in higher education. For this I use the insights provided by the highly influential and leading integration theory of Tinto and diminished the amount of variables by only using the best predictive ones. Hereby, avoiding the capitalization of chance and establishing a more easy to use model for teachers and management. Furthermore, I enriched the model with the use of social media, in particular Facebook, to better suit students’ contemporary society in the developed world. Principal component analysis on Facebook usage provided different integration/engagement components, which I coined peer-engagement and knowledge engagement. Both consisted of various purposes of Facebook use (information, education, social and leisure) and the use of different pages amongst students. To uncover if these latent variables play a significant role in student success or if Facebook is a multi-distracting platform, two models were compared using structural equation modeling with SPSS AMOS; one with and one without the peer-, and knowledge engagement variables. The fit of both models are compared using the normed fit index (NFI), the comparative fit index (CFI), the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). In addition, the direct influence and indirect influence of all variables are compared to provide a better insight into what kind of influence social media can have upon student success.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Communication and Media Studies: Alt-Media - The Shifting Tide of Political Communication - Berkeley, United States
Duration: 18 Oct 201819 Oct 2018


Conference3rd International Conference on Communication and Media Studies
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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