Teachers’ implementation and evaluation of design principles for value-loaded critical thinking

F. Rombout, Jaap Schuitema, Monique Volman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


An important aim of education is that students learn to think critically about moral values. This study examines how five secondary school philosophy teachers implement and evaluate design principles for promoting value-loaded critical thinking in whole-class dialogues. The five design principles are: address, apply and reason critically about moral values, create intercontextuality, and promote metacognitive reflection. For our evaluation, we first analyzed teachers’ judgments of the relevance, consistency, and practicality of the design principles. Secondly, we conducted classroom observations to analyse teachers’ implementation of the design principles. We find that teachers consider the design principles relevant, consistent and mostly practical and that they use a wider range of teaching strategies for each design principle, after participating in this study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101731
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Publication statusPublished - 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Teachers’ implementation and evaluation of design principles for value-loaded critical thinking'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this