The concept towards a Standard Safety Model (STASAM v.0)

Nektarios Karanikas, Alfred Roelen

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In safety science and practice, there have been various safety models, each of them reflecting a particular approach to safety management and accident causality. The large variety of models suggested in literature and applied in practice serve the communication of diverse perspectives towards safety and the need to consider contextual factors, but it does not allow the establishment of a common language within and across organisations and industry sectors. Considering the potential benefits of talking a lingua franca when it comes to safety and inspired by the Standard Model used in particle physics and recent suggestions from relevant studies, we thought of exploring the possibility to introduce a Standard Safety Model (STASAM). As a first step, we focused on four representative safety and accident models widely used, discussed and debated: the Swiss Cheese Model, AcciMap, Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) and Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP). We reviewed literature which compares the particular models, and we listed the strengths and weaknesses of each as a means to set the grounds for the STASAM. The combinations of these models with a focus to host their advantages and avoiding their disadvantages led to a three-level STASAM. The concept STASAM was used in two random incident investigation reports to assess its applicability and visualisation against the original models. The results of the application along with the STASAM concept were reviewed by three safety professionals and three safety researchers. The comments received were in the positive direction and indicated the potential of establishing an inclusive and commonly accepted safety/accident model. The next research phase will be the additional review of the STASAM and its pilot application to a variety of safety events and systems as a means to test its reliability and strengthen its validity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th European STAMP Workshop & Conference Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationMATEC Web of Conferences
PublisherEDP Sciences
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2019
Event6th European STAMP Workshop & Conference - CASA Hotel, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 31 Oct 20182 Nov 2018


Conference6th European STAMP Workshop & Conference
Abbreviated titleESWC 2018
Internet address


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