The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women leaving women's shelters: a randomized controlled trial

Danielle A. M. Lako, Mariëlle D. Beijersbergen, Irene E. Jonker, Renée de Vet, Daniel B. Herman, Albert M. van Hemert, Judith R. L. M. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI)-an evidence-based intervention-for abused women transitioning from women's shelters to community living.

METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in nine women's shelters across the Netherlands. 136 women were assigned to CTI (n = 70) or care-as-usual (n = 66). Data were analyzed using intention-to-treat three-level mixed-effects models.

RESULTS: Women in the CTI group had significant fewer symptoms of post-traumatic stress (secondary outcome) (adjusted mean difference - 7.27, 95% CI - 14.31 to - 0.22) and a significant fourfold reduction in unmet care needs (intermediate outcome) (95% CI 0.06-0.94) compared to women in the care-as-usual group. No differences were found for quality of life (primary outcome), re-abuse, symptoms of depression, psychological distress, self-esteem (secondary outcomes), family support, and social support (intermediate outcomes).

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that CTI is effective in a population of abused women in terms of a reduction of post-traumatic stress symptoms and unmet care needs. Because follow-up ended after the prescribed intervention period, further research is needed to determine the full long-term effects of CTI in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-523
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

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