The trajectory of nutritional Status and physical activity before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Dennis van Erck, Christine D. Dolman, Wilma J. M. Scholte Op Reimer, José P. Henriques, Peter J. M. Weijs, Ronak Delewi, Josje D. Schoufour

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Abstract

It is suggested that older patients waiting for an elective surgical procedure have a poor nutritional status and low physical activity level. It is unknown if this hypothesis is true and if these conditions improve after a medical procedure. We aimed to determine the trajectory of both conditions before and after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Included patients (n = 112, age 81 ± 5 years, 58% male) received three home visits (preprocedural, one and six months postprocedural). Nutritional status was determined with the mini nutritional assessment-short form (MNA-SF) and physical activity using an ankle-worn monitor (Stepwatch). The median MNA-SF score was 13 (11-14), and 27% of the patients were at risk of malnutrition before the procedure. Physical activity was 6273 ± 3007 steps/day, and 69% of the patients did not meet the physical activity guidelines (>7100 steps/day). We observed that nutritional status and physical activity did not significantly change after the procedure (β 0.02 [95% CI -0.03, 0.07] points/months on the MNA-SF and β 16 [95% CI -47, 79] steps/month, respectively). To conclude, many preprocedural TAVI patients should improve their nutritional status or activity level. Both conditions do not improve naturally after a cardiac procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5137
Number of pages13
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2022

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