Towards Ultra Personalized 4D Printed Shoes

Troy Robert Nachtigall, Oscar Tomico, Ron Wakkary, Stephan Wensveen, Pauline van Dongen, Leonie Tenthof van Noorden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


In this case study three designers supported by multiple stakeholders created a pair of fully personalized printed high heel shoes in a period of two months for a single user. The shoes are made with soft and flexible materials for dynamic fit and use. The shoes are not only uniquely formed to the user's feet but the geometry of the material is designed to support and flex with the movement of each foot. These shoes utilize a 4D printing approach in the way they are made to fit the user while they move and change. Designing a shoe to such a degree represents a form of Ultra Personalization. This case study of an ultra personalized approach addresses the negotiation of key design considerations: aesthetics, comfort, robustness, balance and temperature. The findings inform digital fabrication design, software, and tools for designers.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationExtended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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