Unmet needs in the management of Cervical Dystonia.

Maria Fiorella Contarino, Marenka Smit, Joost van den Dool, Jens Volkmann, Marina A.J. Tijssen

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16 Citations (Scopus)
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Cervical dystonia (CD) is a movement disorder which affects daily living of many patients. In clinical practice, several unmet treatment needs remain open. This article focuses on the four main aspects of treatment. We describe existing and emerging treatment approaches for CD, including botulinum toxin injections, surgical therapy, management of non-motor symptoms, and rehabilitation strategies. The unsolved issues regarding each of these treatments are identified and discussed, and possible future approaches and research lines are proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number165
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2016


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